Problem with "pedophile" | 「恋童」的问题
Pedophilia refers to a *mental state* that one is sexually attracted to children. This word is often *misused*, and such misuse is harmful. I will discuss it below.
A mental state cannot possibly harm others. Imagine a situation where I am on a subway platform and there stands a person before me. If I have a desire to push her down the tracks, the desire itself cannot harm her. Rather, if I tell her "I want to push you down," it's a threat, and that can harm her. If I do push her down, it's a murder, and that can also harm her. But if I keep the thought inside my mind, no one else will be hurt.
Similarly, simply wanting to have sex, or a romantic relationship, with children, cannot possibly harm anyone. If you tell the child that you want to have sex with them, that is sexual harassment. And if you do have sex with them, that is rape. The latter two harm people, but the first one does not.
Producing child pornography where real-life children are involved is sexual harassment and possibly rape. Watching them and spreading them can harm the children involved. These acts are immoral, as there is a victim.
Producing fictional child pornography where no real-life children are involved does not harm any children that exists in real-life. As there is no victim, it is not immoral. Watching them, or giving them to adults who want them, does not harm anyone. These acts are not immoral, as no one is harmed. Displaying the content to children or who do not want to see such content, however, can constitute sexual harassment, and thus is immoral.
Pedophilia and sexual harassment are two different things. The former is a mental state only. There seems, however, to be a trend to use it also for sexual harassers towards children. This is a misuse and is harmful in two ways. First, it criminalizes a mental state (remember a mental state cannot harm anyone), promoting the idea of a thought crime. Second, it makes people ignore the acts one does. -- If someone rapes an adult, they are called a rapist, but if the victim is a child, suddenly people don't call them a rapist but a "pedophile." See? The person is a *criminal*, they do at least as much harm as those who rape adults, but they are getting much less blame for the act. It deviates the discussion from what one does to what one thinks. But only acts can help people, not thoughts.
If someone sexually harasses children, call them a sexual harasser (towards children), not a pedophile. If someone rapes children, call them a rapist (towards children), not a pedophile. Make it clear that an act is to blame, no matter what the offender thinks.